A ‘predatory publisher' is a publisher that charge authors substantial fees to publish their research but do not provide quality services (e.g. peer-review, editing, and marketing). These publishers will often send unsolicited emails to authors inviting them to submit a publication to their journal or conference. Predatory publishers usually have poor-quality peer-review processes (or no process at all), low editorial standards, and are usually not indexed in scholarly databases.

Here are a few signs to watch out for:

Predatory journals take advantage of open access publishing models to extract publication fees from authors. To find a legitimate open access journal, try searching the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ).

You can use Think, Check, Submit as a tool to assess publishers and journals.

In a nutshell: