Module Overview

Physical Chemistry 2

This module aims to build on level 2 study of Physical Chemistry, with a particular focus on relating theories of chemical behaviour (and associated equations) to practical situations and measurements, leading to competency in applying such knowledge to prediction of properties in real and ideal conditions. Starting with a thorough examination of the phases of pure substances and the parameters associated with their interconversion, solutions and heterogeneous equilibria are then covered. Applications of quantum mechanics to explain atomic and molecular spectroscopy allow calculation of fundamental molecular properties from spectra.Specialist topics include: (i) chronoamperometry and chronocoulometry, with an emphasis on extraction of values of electrochemical parameters, and (ii) kinetics of complex reactions

Module Code

PHCH H3003

ECTS Credits


*Curricular information is subject to change

Ideal & Real Gases:

Gas laws from kinetic theory; van der Waals' equation; nature of deviations and their quantification

Phase Equilibria:

Phase diagram; Gibbs' Phase rule; liquefaction of gases; critical constants; supercritical fluids. Clapeyron & Clausius-Clapeyron equations.


Ideal solution theory; Raoult's & Henry's Laws. Deviations from Ideal Solution theory: identification and interpretation; Colligative Properties; Ions in solution; Activity and chemical potential

Applied Quantum Mechanics:

Atomic spectroscopy; quantisation; Bohr hydrogen

Quantum Chemistry:

bonding & anti-bonding orbitals; homodiatomics; translational, vibrational & rotational energy levels; spectroscopic applications

Time-Dependent Electrochemical Behaviour:

Chronoamperometry and chronocoulometry; the Cottrell equation

Kinetics of Complex Reactions:

steady-state treatment of intermediates; linear & branched free radical chain reactions; competitive kinetics

Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Other Assessment(s)30
Formal Examination70