Module Overview

Process Instrumentation 2

Module aims: To provide students with the skills and knowledge to correctly define and explain the principles of operation and to correctly implement configuration and calibration procedures for industrial level, flow and analytical instruments.

Module Code

PIAA H3011

ECTS Credits


*Curricular information is subject to change

Calibration standards, standards bodies and regulatory requirements

Irish and international standards bodies including: NSAI, ISO NIST, ANSI, ISA. Standards for calibration including: ISO 9001, ISO 14000 and ISO 17025. Regulatory bodies including: FDA and EudraLex. Regulatory requirements and practices including: FDA 21CFR, EudraLex Volume 4 - good manufacturing practice (GMP). Standard operating procedures (SOPs).

Process Instrumentation in Hazardous Areas

ATEX Directive. Area classification and zones. Gas classification. Ignition mechanisms and characteristics: lower and upper explosive limit, ignition energy vs concentration. Temperature classification of equipment. Explosion and flame proofing: increased safety, oil immersion, encapsulation, purged apparatus, powder filing. Intrinsic safety: zener barriers, resistive, capacitive and inductive circuits. Marking of equipment.

Instrument Communication, Configuration and Diagnostics Systems

HART communications: principle of operation of HART, device descriptions, loop resistance requirements, hand-held HARTcommunicators, software based HART communication tools. Wireless HART communications. Practical configuration and diagnostics ofinstruments with HART communications protocol. Field device tool (FDT) communications standard: principles of FDT communications,required components including: device type managers (DTMs) for FDT communications, frame application software. Practical configurationand diagnostics of devices using FDT communications standard. Storage, retrieval and presentation of instrument configuration anddiagnostics data.

Industrial Level Measurement

Level detection technologies including: float, vibration and paddle devices. Level measurement technologies including: gauge glass,magnetostrictive, hydrostatic head, differential pressure, capacitance, ultrasonic, radar and nuclear devices. Level measurement installationguidelines and techniques. Configuration of level instruments for various applications. Calibration techniques for level instruments. Analysisof calibration data and implementation of corrective actions as required. Documentation of calibration data and technical report production.Level measurement applications.

Industrial Flow Measurement

Characteristics of flowing fluids. Formulae and calculations for volumetric and mass flow. Volumetric and mass flow units and conversions.Flow measurement technologies including: differential pressure, turbine, magnetic, vortex, ultrasonic, thermal-mass, coriolas-mass devices.Installation guidelines and techniques. Configuration of flow instruments for various applications. Calibration techniques for flowinstruments. Analysis of calibration data and implementation of corrective actions as required. Documentation of calibration data andtechnical report production. Flow measurement applications.

Analytical Instrumentation

Pollution and IPCC licensing: common sources of contamination in water and air, European clean water and air quality directives. Sampling systems and analysers: requirements of sampling systems, sampling rate, sampling errors. Water quality measurements including: inline measurement of pH, conductivity, humidity, turbidity, DO, TOC, phosphates, chlorine. Air quality measurements including: CO, CO2, ozone, NOX, SOX.

Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Other Assessment(s)50
Formal Examination50