European Infrastructure to Support Open Research
All initiatives in this area are driven by the EU’s Open Science Policy. Open science is a policy priority for the European Commission and the standard method of working under its research and innovation funding programmes as it improves the quality, efficiency and responsiveness of research. It has 8 objectives: Open Data, EOSC, New Generation Metrics, Mutual Learning on Open Science-Altmetrics and Rewards, Future of Scholarly Communication, Research Integrity and Reproducibility of Scientific Results, Education and Skills, Citizen Science.
Open Data: FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable and re-usable data) and open data sharing should be applied to the results of EU-funded research.
EOSC (European Open Science Cloud): This is a trusted, validated, federated environment that has no borders, where all kinds of digital objects (publications, data, software) can be stored, shared and reused.
New Generation Metrics: New metrics to be developed suitable for Open Science to be used in tandem with more traditional ones.
Mutual Learning on Open Science - Altmetrics and Rewards: this focusses on new metrics to evaluate the quality and impact of research and looks at the kind of incentives that should be provided to researchers to encourage them to engage in open science practices.
Future of Scholarly Communication: All peer-reviewed publications should be open access and researchers are encouraged to share earlier rather than later in the process.
Research Integrity and Reproducibility: All research should be carried out to commonly agreed standards of research integrity.
Education and Skills: All researchers should have the necessary skills and support to engage with Open Research practices.
Citizen Science: The general public should be able to make contributions to research and their contributions should be recognised as valuable.
Read more here.
EOSC is a digital environment which aims to provide researchers, innovators, companies, and citizens with a place where they can publish, find and re-use data, software, tools and services for research, innovation, and educational purposes. This is a federated, multidisciplinary environment which operates to the highest standards and so can be trusted to provide reliable information. Ultimately, EOSC will provide a network of FAIR (findable, accessible, interoperable, and reusable) data on which a wide variety of value-added services can be built. Based on the semantic web EOSC enables computers to do more useful work and to develop systems that can support trusted interactions over the network
Find out more about EOSC here
The Portal is the search interface for all the information and resources in EOSC. Currently this provides access to 161m publications, 58m research data, 333k research software items, from 124k data sources, linked to 3m grants and 196k organizations (2023)
Find out more about EOSC Portal here
OpenAire is a European wide research information system which provides services to find, store, link and analyse research outputs in all disciplines and is a key contributor to EOSC. It is an electronic infrastructure for the identification, deposition, access to and monitoring of research in Europe. Currently there are more than 60 partners from Europe and beyond bringing together European and international expertise to develop services and practices to support open research. OpenAire manages access to publications and other research outputs by harvesting from the existing repositories in Europe. It provides value added services such as enhancing publications by connecting them to datasets, funding information, related publications, metrics. It also provides Zenodo, a publication and data repository provided for researchers who do not have an institutional repository. Individuals and organisations can deposit material in Zenodo.
There are also national partners who work in their countries to promote open research, and these are called National Open Access Desks (NOADS). Niamh Brennan from Trinity College Dublin is the Irish NOAD.
TU Dublin is an associate member of OpenAire and the institutional repository ARROW@TUDublin is harvested into the discovery portal called OpenAire Explore.
This is the discovery tool for all content in OpenAire. Currently it provides an open database of research outputs of 161 million publications, 58 million items of research data, 316 thousand research software items from 124 thousand data sources linked to 3 million grants and to 196 thousand organisations. All this information is linked through citations and semantics. It offers a wide range of searching mechanisms, search all content, search open access only, search by research output type and many more. All results are deduplications.
Search OpenAire Explore here
ARGOS is an OpenAire service that simplifies the management, validation, monitoring, and maintenance of data management plans (DMPs). It is software that enables users to write a plan that is FAIR compliant, share it with collaborators and either make it public or keep it private. DMPs in ARGOS are treated as research outputs that can be assigned Digital Object Identifiers (doi), licenses and can be distributed in a FAIR manner. The DMP in ARGOS is a living document meaning that they can be versioned and updated at any time. When ready, users can validate and finalize their DMPs including the accompanying datasets and publish them as open if they wish in Zenodo. However, there is no obligation to make either the DMP or the datasets open.
TU Dublin intends to adopt the ARGOS software for data management planning and training will be rolled out in the coming months.
Read more about ARGOS here