The aim of this module is to further develop the basic principles of human and exercise physiology introduced in semester one, and human anatomy introduced in semester two. This will be achieved through the development of student knowledge in the key aspects of human physiology applicable to exercise science for both sport and health. The students will develop their knowledge, skill and competence in the major structures and physiological functions of the human body. This will be achieved through direct learning through lectures, assignments and laboratory classes.
Energy for Exercise:
Biological energy transformation. Bioenergetics. Control of bioenergetics. Energy requirements. Metabolic responses to exercise. Fuel utilization during exercise. Factors governing fuel utilization.
Energy requirements at rest. Rest-to-exercise transitions. Recovery from exercise. Metabolic response to exercise. Estimation of Fuel Utilization. Factors governing fuel selection.
Control of the Internal Environment:
Homeostasis and control systems. Exercise: a test of homeostatic control. Hormonal responses to exercise. Hormonal regulation and action. Hormonal control of substrate mobilization during exercise. Neuroendocrinology.
Temperature Regulation and Environmental Physiology:
Heat balance during exercise. Exercise in the heat. Exercise in a cold environment. Exercise at altitude. Physical activity and air pollution.
Acids, Bases, and pH; Hydrogen Ion Production During Exercise; Importance of Acid-Base Regulation During Exercise; Acid-Base Buffer Systems; Intracellular Buffers; Extracellular Buffers; Respiratory Influence on Acid-Base Balance; Regulation of Acid-Base Balance via the Kidneys; Regulation of Acid-Base Balance During Exercise
Measurement of work:
Components of effective physiological testing. Direct testing on maximal aerobic power. Laboratory tests to predict endurance performance. Lactate profiling. Determination of anaerobic power. Evaluation of muscular strength.
Cardiovascular and Respiratory Physiology:
Changes in oxygen delivery during exercise. Circulatory responses to exercise. Regulation of cardiovascular adjustment during exercise. Ventilation-perfusion relationships. Ventilation and acid base balance. Control of ventilation. The lungs and adaptation to exercise.
The Physiology of Training:
Principles of training. Endurance training and VO2max. Detraining and VO2max. Endurance training: effects on performance and homeostasis. Physiological effects of strength training.
Epidemiology of Health
Epidemiology, Coronary Heart Disease, Non communicable disease, Physical inactivity
Methods used to achieve the module learning outcomes will include lectures, tutorials, interpretation of data, case studies, problem-solving exercises, video presentations, self-directed learning and computer-based learning
|Module Content & Assessment