Module Overview

Muscle Physiology and Training

The aim of this module is to evaluate the role which muscle physiology plays in exercise and training. The module focuses on physiological adaptations to exercise; current trends for training for aerobic and anaerobic performance including power, speed, and agility. The modules addresses areas of nutrition, sport supplementation and performance-enhancing drugs, data on training with medical conditions such as diabetes are considered. Also training in heat, cold and altitude are also addressed. In addition practical approaches to planning training are evaluated.

Module Code

PHYG H3000

ECTS Credits


*Curricular information is subject to change

Muscle physiology

Macrostructure, microstructure, contraction mechanism, muscle fibre types, muscle architecture, hypertrophy and hyperplasia, satellite cells, mechanisms of fatigue.

Neuromuscular physiology

Motor units, muscle receptors, nervous and muscular conduction velocity, mechanical output production, muscle force modulation, muscle fatigue - central and peripheral, oxygen availability.

Characteristics of Training

Fundamental concepts, training stimulus, muscle characteristics, muscle function, neuromuscular factors, energy systems, types of training, training methods, individual training.

Aerobic training

Types of aerobic training, muscle considerations, fatigue, aerobic low intensity training, aerobic moderate intensity training, aerobic high intensity training, populations.

Anaerobic training

Types of anaerobic training, muscle considerations, fatigue, speed training, speed endurance training, agility and coordination training, populations

Strength and power training

Types of strength and power training, muscle considerations, genetics and trainability, resistance training, isometric exercise, plyometric training, stabilisation and mobilisation, isokenetics, complex training, functional overload, technological aids.


Muscle considerations, restoration or energy, restoration of body water, muscle comfort, training modification.

Planning training

Periodisation, muscle and neuromuscular adaptation, injury, peaking, taper, periods of reduced training, competition and tournaments.

Environment and lifestyle

Muscle considerations, environmental stress, heat, cold, altitude, progression of training, nutrition, vitamins and minerals, ergogenic aids, alcohol, sleep.

Methods used to achieve the module learning outcomes will include lectures, interpretation of data, case studies, problem-solving exercises, video presentations, self-directed learning and computer-based learning.

Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Formal Examination50
Other Assessment(s)50