Module Overview

Cardiac Physiology II

Module Overview:

This is a stage 4 module on the B.Sc. in Clinical measurement designed for students taking Clinical Cardiac physiology as a major and minor subject for awarding of their level eight qualification.  This programme is designed to produce students that meet the standards of modernising scientific careers. On completion of this module a student should have developed a conceptual and applied understanding of the role of cardiac measurements in the evaluation of a patient’s condition. A student should acquire the necessary skills to enable them to work in a cardiac laboratory environment. Students should be able to:

To apply healthcare science practice scientific principles, method and knowledge to produce competent, safe and proactive healthcare scientists with a professional qualification that confers eligibility for registration with the Academy of Healthcare Scientists.

Provide a sound understanding of the scientific, technological, research and interpersonal principles that underpins effective healthcare science practice.

Develop the specialized knowledge and skills that can be utilized to plan, deliver and evaluate physiological science applications within the legal, ethical and professional frameworks as appropriate to the role of a healthcare science practitioner.

Develop the communication and interpersonal skills required to be able to identify with and respond to the physical and psychosocial needs of the patient, their carers and other healthcare professionals; putting the patient at the center of care.

Be flexible and responsive to change with respect to patient needs, technology, working practices and legislation and to encourage them to appreciate their future role in contributing to knowledge transfer, innovation and entrepreneurship through the application of research and evidence based practice.

Develop as reflective practitioners, capable of effective critical evaluation and who can make effective use of Information Technology to support their professional practice and are committed to the philosophy of lifelong learning and Continued Professional Development.

Module Code

PHYS 4819

ECTS Credits


*Curricular information is subject to change

ECG Interpretation:

The relationship between the ECG and the electrical events of the cardiac Cycle ,Waveform Shapes, intervalsand normal ranges, variations (related to age, activity, body build and ethnic origin). Heart rate, QRS axis,atrial/ventricular arrhymias, conduction defects, myocardial infarction, ischaemia, drug and electrolyte effects,hypertrophy, Review of sinus rhythms.

Exercise ECG:

Indications and contraindications; Exercise protocols; Patient awareness and preparation; Electrode positions; BPMeasurement; Safety issues; Exercise, heart rate and BP; End points; ECG changes normal and abnormal;Complications; and Clinical results.

Ambulatory Monitoring:

Principles and indications; Choice of appropriate device for patient; Instructions to patient; Application of monitor;Removal of; Appropriate results; and Identification of artifacts.


Principles, systems, testing, procedures, hazards, cardioversion, paddle placement, treatment in specificarrythmias, asynchronous/synchronous shock, bridging, algorithms for resuscitation, impedance and defibrillationthreshold.

Cardiac catheterisation

Principles, indications and contraindications, complications and risks, instrumentation, fluoroscopy, digitalsubtraction angiography (DSA), arterial/venous access, haemodynamic data , valve areas, pressure gradients,anatomy of the coronary arteries, cardiac output(various methods), intracardiac shunts, ECG monitoring,catheters , radiopaque contrast, coronary angiography, PTCA, stenting, venticulography, right heart studies,oximetry, valvuloplasty, pericardiacentesis, electrophysiology, temporary pacing, intra aortic balloon pump.


Principles of ultrasound, imaging modalities, storage and display of images, safety of ultrasound, recordingmethods, 2 Dimensional, Doppler (basic flow dynamics), M Mode, colour flow, basic Measurements andcomputations, indications, TTE, normal study, common pathologies.


Principles and practice: indications, temporary/permanent; BPEG coding, mode selection; implantation, leadinsertion, electrical measurements, aseptic techniques, complications; unipolar/bipolar circuits, basic pacemakercomponents, pacing parameters & programming, telemetry; common problems, advice to patient, interference(industrial, domestic); pacemaker follow-up, end-of-life characteristics; newer Technologies, rate responsive, dualchamber, anti-tachycardia, implantable defibrillator.

Lectures and self directed learning.


Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Formal Examination100