Module Overview

Principles of Sport and Exercise Biochemistry

This module aims to introduce the student to the concepts of sport and exercise biochemistry. The module combines information from nutrition, physiology, and biochemistry to provide a clear explanation of the working of metabolism and the human body’s response to physical activity and exercise. The module presents the essentials of biochemistry—molecular biology, basic chemistry, metabolism, and the impact of exercise—in an easy-to-understand format. The student will apply this knowledge in the context sport, exercise and health.

Module Code

SANA H2001

ECTS Credits


*Curricular information is subject to change

Biochemical concepts

Organization of matter; Chemical elements and bonding; Molecules; Chemical reactions ATP and energy; Water; Solutions and concentrations; Acid-base balance; Cell structure.

Cell structure

Cellular architecture; Exercise and the cell; Cell cycle and tissue turnover; Cell death; Effect of exercise on cell proliferation and cell death; control of cellular homeostasis; movement of substances across membranes

Genetic and molecular aspects

Gene and genome; Gene expression; Regulation of gene expression; DNA sequence variation; Omics; Genetic epidemiology, physical activity and health; Genes and sports performance - ACE, ACTN3; Exercise and adult stem cells; Genes exercise and metabolism; Genetics and ethics; Adaptation and exercise.

Energy sources for muscular activity

ATP; Energy continuum; Muscle contraction; Energy system and running speed; Why can't a marathon be sprinted; Energy sources and muscle; Exercise and protein metabolism; Exercise and carbohydrate metabolism; Exercise and fat metabolism; Responses to stress;


Metabolic reactions; Free energy change; ATP; Phases of metabolism; Oxidation reduction reactions; Catabolism; Anabolism; Energy supply and exercise.


Enzymes in Biochemical and Clinical Measurements, Enzymes in Diagnosis, Enzymes as Therapeutic Agents, Application to Sport and Exercise.

Methods used to achieve the module learning outcomes will include lectures, tutorials, interpretation of data, case studies, problem-solving exercises, video presentations, self-directed learning and computer-based learning.

Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Formal Examination70
Other Assessment(s)30