This module aims to equip students with the ability to use fundamental thermodynamic concepts to carry out thermodynamic analysis of thermal energy components and systems.
Introduction to energy systems
An overview of thermal energy systems and their roles in industry, utilities, transport, commercial and the domestic environment. The principles of conservation of energy and mass as applied to thermodynamic systems. Calorific values and their evaluation for common fuels
Terminology and basic concepts
Internal energy enthalpy, specific heat capacity, saturation temperature, latent heat, superheat, sub-cooling, dryness fraction. The measurement of temperature, charts and tables, use of steam tables.
The 1st Law with applications
The principles of conservation of energy and mass as applied to thermodynamic systems. An introduction to the 1st Law of Thermodynamics and its application to steady flow, steady state cases. Application of the 1st Law to common elements of thermodynamic systems, turbines, compressors, nozzles and heat exchangers as steady flow devices. Development of the concept of an energy balance and its application to energy transfer equipment
The 2nd Law and its consequences
The 2nd Law of Thermodynamics in words and what it means for real energy systems. Heat engines and heat pumps, efficiency and coefficient of performance. Ideal or Carnot performance, Factors that influence real performance.
Introduction to heat transfer
Modes of heat transfer, conduction, convection and radiation and their application to specific common cases. Fourier’s and Newton’s Laws, thermal conductivity and diffusivity. Convective coefficients and factors that influence convective heat transfer. Combined modes of heat transfer. Analysis of basic heat transfer cases for all three modes.
|Module Content & Assessment