Module Overview

Medical Imaging & Graphics

The aim of this module is to familiarise the student with the fundamentals of medical imaging. Further, the student will gain hands on experience in the process of creating CAD geometry and finite element meshes using medical imaging data.

Module Code

MEDG H3000

ECTS Credits


*Curricular information is subject to change

Medical Imaging Systems

History of medical imaging and applications in design of orthopaedic, maxillofacial and pulmonary medical devices and implants. Applications of medical imaging in research including recreation of geometry and measurement of tissue density.

Principles of Operation

Waves and vibration, electromagnetic waves, signal to noise and contrast to noise ratio, static vs. dynamic imaging, projection vs. tomography, anatomical vs. functional.

X-Ray Imaging

Ionization and Excitation of electrons, electromagnetic radiation, X-Ray generation, interaction, attenuation and detection

Computed Tomography (CT)

Planar vs. Computed Tomography, image capture and reconstruction, spiral CT, detector technology, Hounsfield scale, density measurement, dual source, DEXA

Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)

History of MRI, scanner components, basics of nuclear magnetic resonance, detection of signals, resolution, applications.

Nuclear Medicine and Ultrasound

Radioactive tracers, radioactive decay, detection and imaging of gamma rays (scintigraphy, SPECT) and positrons (PET). Ultrasound wave propagation, bulk modulus, density, speed of sound for a given material.

CAD and Finite Elements Mesh

Acquisition and import of medical image data, segmentation of scanned tissue, processing of segmented data, export of geometry.

Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Formal Examination50
Other Assessment(s)50