# Module Overview

### Chemical Engineering for Pharmaceuticals

This module specifically focuses on the theory and application of engineering principles in the pharmaceutical processes such as mass and energy balances, thermodynamics, fluid flow, and heat and mass transfer. Most of the topics discuss fundamental engineering concepts and associated examples problems.

This module aims to provide basic knowledge of chemical engineering principles to students, who are planning a career as pharmaceutical science professional, with sufficient background in engineering concepts to be comfortable communicating with engineering professionals.

TFPT 3001

##### ECTS Credits

5

*Curricular information is subject to change

Introduction to Chemical Engineerings

Unit and dimensions, conversion of units, density, concentration, temperature, pressure, enthalpy, energy, power, area, associated problems. Drawing chemical engineering process equipment.

Thermodynamics in Pharmaceutical Process

Introduction to thermodynamics, zero, first, second and third law of thermodynamics, application of thermodynamics in the pharmaceutical industry, system, state of a system, properties of a system.

Heat transfer in Pharmaceutical Process

Thermal properties of materials, mode of heat transfer, conductive heat transfer, Fourier’s law for heat conduction, convective heat transfer, natural and forced convection, Newton’s law of cooling, radiation heat transfer, Stefan-Boltzmann law of radiation, steady and unsteady heat transfer and associated calculations, heat exchangers.

Mass transfer Operations in Pharmaceutical Process

Introduction to mass transfer, applications of mass transfer, diffusion process, mode of mass transfer, molecular diffusion, convection, Fick’s Law of Diffusion, steady-state diffusion of gases and liquids, Prandtl number, Schmidt number, Lewis number, Sherwood number, Reynolds number. Mass transfer associated calculations. Examples of mass transfer such as crystallisation process, distillation, drying etc.

Material/Energy Balance

Law of conservation of mass, making mass balance, total mass balance, component balance, material balances involved in dilutions, concentration and drying, associated problems, general principle of energy balance, heat, the heat content of a product, enthalpy, specific heat of solids and liquids, saturated and supersaturated steam, heat balance, associated problems.

Chemical Reaction Engineering

Classification of reactors, theory of chemical reaction, types of reaction, reaction orders, zero, first, second and nth-order reactions, rate limiting, the temperature dependence of reaction rates, determination of reaction kinetic parameters, use of chemical reaction kinetics for thermal process optimisation, associated problems.

Concept of Fluid Flow

The liquid transport system, properties of liquid, flow measurement, viscosity, Newton’s law of viscosity, dynamic and kinematic viscosity, measurement of viscosity, transport of solid-fluid, process control in the pharmaceutical industry, sensors, rheology, Newtonian and Non-Newtonian fluids.

Psychrometry

Properties of dry air, Properties of water vapour, properties of air-vapour mixture, Gibb’s Dalton law, dry bulb temperature, wet bulb temperature, specific volume, humidity ratio, psychromatric chart construction, Application of psychromatric chart in complex process design.

• Lecture, video, animation, problem-solving
• Synchronous and Asynchronous lectures
Module Content & Assessment
Assessment Breakdown %
Formal Examination50
Other Assessment(s)50